background image

SINGAPORE

BIODIVERSITY

A tribute blog to the natural environment and sustainable development study in Singapore

Protect The World You Live In.

HOME >>

Photography  |  Discover  |  Protect  |  Contact

Photography  |  Discover  |  Protect  |  Contact

Hosting sponsored by:

What is Biodiversity?

Short for ‘biological’ diversity, biodiversity is the amount of various life forms live in any given environment. This includes can be anything from the bacteria in a drop of water, to a single tree in the forest, or even to the entire planet. Biodiversity is used to determine how healthy an ecosystem is. Usually the more species ecosystem has the greater the biodiversity. The rain forest will have a higher biodiversity then a dessert.

In 2011, the Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research sponsored the research and creation of an encyclopedia that unveiled the ecosystem in Singapore. The book contains eye popping pictures of life found all over Singapore as well as studies about the environmental impact that construction and development has created. To keep up with the latest research, NOAA is a superior resource about the coasts of the world.


OUTLINE: Singapore Biodiversity: An Encyclopedia of the Natural Environment and Sustainable Development

Singapore contains an outstanding life diversity of all different kinds. We cannot assume this fragile ecosystem will always be there. Climate change, destruction of habitat, and man’s excessive need for land have threaten the island’s plants and animals.

The 552 page encyclopedia contains a number of written essays that go over the concepts of ecosystems biodiversity and sustainability. It describes over forty thousand of Singapore’s non-microbial species.

The book can currently be obtained at Amazon.com



Pictures of Singapore’s wildlife:

To truly appreciate why wild life conservation is important we collect various photographs of species native to the area. If you would like to submit more pictures for us to display, please send them to the email provided in the contact area.

Photographs Singapore Sand Crab Photographs Photographs Photographs

What you can do to help:

02/27/2013 by Admin

We often feel so helpless when it comes to conservation of the environment. Sometimes it is easier to just hope someone else will take care of it. This type of thinking will not help us get any closer to our goal of protecting the wildlife. Here are three simple things you can do.  READ MORE >>


Clean Up Trash

Clean up trash on the ground. Even if it is not yours. Every little piece counts. Ideally everyone would just pick up after themselves, but some people do not care about the consequences of leaving litter on the ground.


1.

2.

3.

Since technology has advanced, most everything can be recycled these days. Paper, cardboard, foam, plastics can all be separated from the trash and placed into appropriate recycling containers.


Recycle What You Can

Donate money or time to the world wild life foundation. They are a international foundation that is dedicated that is dedicated to protecting the ecosystems and wild life of the world.

Donate

View More >>

Floating Solar Panels - A Future of Clean Energy

02/28/2013 by Admin

There have always been two district drawbacks to using solar panels: cost and required land. Solar panels are still very expensive and even if you have the money to purchase enough of them, you need a large plot of land to place them on. Most large cities on the east coast do not have much land to spare to place a large sea of solar panels.

Enter the SUNdy floating module.

At the Singapore Internations Energy Week, Dutch-Norwegian energy company DNV KEMA  unveiled a floating solar field concept that can be placed off the coast. The idea is to build “power generating solar islands” and place them 4 -5 miles off the coast.

How they work

These are massive array of solar panels that are placed on the surface of the ocean a few miles off the coast. Each array generates 2 mega watts of power and when linked together, has the ability to produce 50 Mega watts of power. That is enough juice to power a city of 30,000. With a single array is about the size of a football arena, the SUNdy power units would be placed away from shipping lanes.

The array is made up of 560 flexible thin film solar panels. Even though they are not quite as efficient as the stiffer wafer panels, they would be able to rise and flex with the ocean’s waves without breaking.

READ MORE >>

Floating Solar Island

Solar Panel Related Hazards Are Real - Just Like Any Power Source

03/03/2013 by Admin

Solar panel dangers

When most people think about solar panels there is a general consensus that they are harmless. Clean energy from the sun? How could that ever be dangerous? High voltage. Solar panels must be treated like any high voltage device. You would not place a metal wrench to both of the terminals of a car battery, you would be electrocuted if you are touching the wrench. That same caution must be used when installing solar panels. It is recommended to hire an experienced electrician to do the job.

In 2011, a 34 year old worker in California was electrocuted when a 20 foot metal bracket he was carrying contacted a 4.8 kilo watt electrical line on the roof. Most solar panel related injures are not from electrocution but from falling off the roof. According to an Orlando personal injury lawyer, Charles Franklin even companies that specialize in roof solar panel installation and maintenance have work related injuries from falling. Awareness is key to prevention. These days companies in the US go beyond the standard government OSHA requirements. They set up electrical related safety classes as well as require hard hats and harnesses for roof workers. It is when these safety precautions are overlooked or ignored that people get hurt.

READ MORE >>

Why Singapore Needs Fruitbats

03/05/2013 by Admin

fruit bat hanging in a tree

Bats are some of natures most misunderstood animals. Some people find them cute while others are terribly afraid of them. Whether they are liked or not the fruit bats of Singapore play a key role in the ecosystem. The fruit bat uses it’s amazing sense of smell to locate it’s primary source of food.

Diet: Their primary diet is fruit, nectar, and pollen.

Habitat: Fruit bats do not actually live in caves but rather under tree leaves.

How it helps the ecosystem: When the fruit bat consumes fruit and pollen, not all of it is digested. The seeds and pollen are distributed through the forest when the animal defecates. After the seed lands, it is able to sprout.

Why they are threatened: Habitat destruction. Development in Singapore is destroying where the fruit bat would normally nest.

READ MORE >>

It Took Only 30 Years For Cliff Swallows To Evolve Around Highways

03/21/2013 by Admin

American Cliff Swallow

Cliff swallows have found flying around the highway a bit more relaxed these days. Why? Over the past 30 years their wings have gotten smaller as a result of being hit by cars. It has been found there is a direct correlation between survival rate and wing size. The amount of cliff swallows found dead next to highways has been significantly reduced according to Current Biology magazine.

Cliff swallows are orange and white colored tiny birds that normally create nesting beneath the overhang of a cliff. They use dried mud to form the nests so they stick to the cliff. What is interesting is many of them have exchanged their traditional nesting for a underneath overpasses and bridges on the highway.

In short, it appears that the birds have adapted a slightly shorter wingspan in order to dodge moving traffic more efficiently. The ones with longer wingspans are not able to dodge as well and are more likely to be killed by a moving car. “I use to see dead birds all over the place.” says a Locksmith of Orlando. “I never hit any with my car but I have seen a few get pretty close.”

Normally the birds create hundreds of watermelon sized nests made of mud below the highway bridges according to a researcher working at Oklahoma’s University of Tulsa. The bird colony located on a highway bridge will not be washed away by rain. The new problem with this type of nesting is the birds are now flying near traffic that is generally going 70 mph.

Quick Background:

In the early 1980’s the project study was intended to learn more about the social behavior of cliff swallows. However as the team was conducting research they noticed there were a lot of dead cliff swallows on the side of the road. The team would pick up the bodies and take standard size measurements over the following 29 years so. As they followed the bird colonies and kept track of how many nests there were, about 2000 dead birds were retrieved.

The Switch:

It was not until 1983 that the research team started finding fewer dead birds killed by cars. Each consecutive year afterwards the bird death by car rate would decline and in the summer of 2012 they picked up only 4 birds that were hit by cars. After comparing the lengths of the birds wings, the research team found the birds who were killed by moving traffic had an average wing length that was a few millimeters longer than the rest of the cliff swallow population.

This size difference may not seem that significant but in the world of aviation it is. Try to comparing it to a paper airplane. If you shorten the wings on both sides, it will not fly as far but it will maneuver much better. The same idea applies to the wings of birds. Smaller wings = faster take off. This is a classic example of natural selection. Longer winged swallows are not able to bank hard enough to get out of harm’s way.

The researchers had came to this conclusion after ruling out any other explanations for the lack of dead birds. There was not an increase in scavengers eating the dead birds. One other alternative is traffic may have decimated the swallows that were into dangerous flying leaving behind a swallow that is more aware of it’s surroundings.

READ MORE >>